Drought-Tolerant Plants that will survive in the Driest Conditions

Al Ardh Alkhadra > Blog > Farming > Drought-Tolerant Plants that will survive in the Driest Conditions

drought-tolerant plants

If your goal is to have completely low-maintenance plants and look great while taking care of them, you can have drought-tolerant plants.

It is no longer function, style, fashion, or trend. If you want blooming, beautiful backyards, then choosing tough, self-resilient plants that do not require excessive water is an absolute must.

Xeriscaping or gardening in a water-efficient conservational way is a practice to keep things healthy and beautiful.

Moreover, it helps to make sure that your plants remain like that without putting strain on dwindling water supplies.

Luckily, with some planning and determination, you can find absolutely gorgeous plant that needs little moisture.

Many of these plants have moisture-preserving structures that are present in their anatomy.

Succulents and cacti, for instance, hold extra moisture in their plump, fleshy leaves.

However, some plants have deep tap roots that can reach cool, damp earth even when the surface is dry and crispy.

Keep on reading to learn more about Drought-Tolerant plants.

Drought-Tolerant Plants: Special Care

It is important to note that the summer-flowering bulbs like gladioli and dahlia are thirsty flowers during the hottest and driest seasons.

Thus it is best to treat them as such.

Grow them in special water-conserving soil in water that has water holding capacity.

drought-tolerant plants

This way they can thrive with their needs without even wasting a drop of water.

However, you can also use the water-conserving method for thirsty plants.

You might want to group them together. Or use moisture-conserving mulches which can also help keep the competition from weeds down as well.

Searching Secrets for Drought-Tolerant Plant

In order to search for drought-tolerant plants, keep in mind the following:

After a dry spell or heatwave, look around for plants in your neighborhood.

Any plants that still look great after such dry spells are wonderful indicators of plants that hold their own with a lack of water in your area.

In the next step, choose plants that are popular for their drought tolerance.

Plants like cacti and succulents have different variations. However, plants like agave or yucca can make unique, stand-alone features in a low0water garden.

However, succulents like sedums and hens-and-chicks can make your garden or backyard visually interesting for ground covers, borders, or impactful parts of a rock garden.

Moreover, it is important to note that plants native to your area can adapt to local weather changes and extremes.

For many plants, however, this also means their ability to resist drought.

Finding out about plants native to your area is a great way to begin and often they nature other aspects of the ecosystem as well.

In the same way, plants native to areas that are famous for dry times like the Mediterranean basis will also survive drought conditions elsewhere.

Now, let’s discuss some of the drought-tolerant plants you can have.

1# Aloe

There is a wide range of species of aloe, flowering succulents that grow in large rosettes.

They have the ability to thrive in hot, dry climates.

Just like many people, you may be familiar with the Aleo Vera species. However, jewel aloe, soap aloe, coral aloe, and tiger aloe also make excellent drought-tolerant plants in your landscape.

Moreover, depending on the species you get, aloe plants often have gray to bright green leaves. And in some cases also have stripped or mottled appearance.

aloe

During the months of summer, however, most aloe plants need watering every week unless you have rainfall.

While during the winter season, the combination of cooler temperatures and rainfall often provides enough water without supplemental water.

In case you have aloe in pots, allow the soil to completely dry out in between waterings.

Furthermore, aloe will begin to shrivel and rot if you let it sit in soggy soil, therefore, make sure to use a well-drainage potting mix and a pot with enough drainage holes.

Some growing conditions for aloe are:

  • USDA Growing zones: 10 to 12
  • color varieties: yellow blooms
  • sum exposure: full sun
  • soil conditions: sandy, dry, well-draining

2# Artemisia

This one is a genus of plants with a wide variety of species that include hardy herbs and shrubs.

For example, the culinary herb tarragon or Artemisia dracunculus is a part of this genus.

Moreover, these plants often feature intricate leaf patterns and silvery gray or white foliage that is also aromatic. They tend to work well with mixed borders with the following:

  • ornamental grasses
  • succulents
  • other drought-tolerant plants

While some popular landscaping species are southernwood, (Artemisia abrotanum), California sagebrush (Artemisia californica), and white mugwort (Artemisia lactiflora).

drought-tolerant plants 3

Make sure to water the seedlings whenever the soil begins to dry out.

However, once they establish, the plants are generally tolerant of drought and heat. Thus, you do not have to worry about watering them unless you have long periods without rain.

Furthermore, while most of its species like full sun, they often need a planting location that provides shelter from strong winds due to their delicate foliage.

Growing conditions for Artemisia are:

  • USDA growing zones: 4 to 8
  • color varieties: yellow-white blooms
  • sun exposure: full sun
  • soil conditions: rich, dry to medium moisture, well-draining soil

3# Breadtongue

Interestingly this genus contains about 250 species of flowering plants that are common in North America.

They have the ability to grow in a wide range of climates, including deserts, mountains, and plains.

Moreover, beardtongue plants often have tube-shaped flowers that grow in clusters on rigid stems.

They are excellent at attracting hummingbirds and bees to your garden.

It is important to note that these plants are low-maintenance and drought-tolerant plants once they establish.

Furthermore, you might need to water them every couple of weeks if you do not have rainfall in your region.

breadtongue

However, what they do need is fast drainage to avoid root rot. Under ideal conditions, they can even spread a bit aggressively.

So make sure to pull up the new shoots if you intend to limit their spread.

Growing conditions for these plants are:

  • USDA growing zones: 3 to 8
  • color varieties: white blooms
  • sun exposure: full sun
  • soil conditions: average, dry to medium moisture, well-draining soil

4# Geranium

Geranium in the genus Pelargonium is a hardy plant and most species begin to bloom in the late spring.

Some species, especially the new varieties like the “Rozanne” hybrid continue to bloom until the first frost of the full.

Moreover, geranium is often low-growing, a mound-forming plant that can take on the appearance of a small shrub.

They are also long-living plants that can thrive even for decades. Furthermore, they are one of the easiest plants you can propagate via cuttings.

geranium

It is important to note that most varieties are tolerant of heat and drought. Once they establish, they can go got long stretches without water.

However, it is best to give them some water during the growing season if you are going out for a couple of weeks without rainfall.

Additionally, deadhead or pinch off flowers to promote additional blooming throughout the season.

Growing conditions for geraniums are:

  • USDA growing zones: 10 to 11
  • color varieties: red, pink, purple, orange, or white
  • sun exposure: full sun to partial shade
  • soil conditions: average rich, medium moisture, and well-draining soil

5# Kangaroo Paw

Anigozanthos is a genus of plants native to Australia with only 11 species and multiple other subspecies.

The red and green Kangaroo paw or Angigozanthos manglesii is actually the floral emblem of Western Australia.

Moreover, these plants often form a rosette of long green to grey leaves at their base, and tall, leafless flower stalks emerge from this rosette.

Furthermore, kangaroo paw plants naturally grow in dry, sandy areas, and can also survive prolonged dry periods of dry spells.

This is due to the sap that is present and stored in their root.

kangaroo paw

However, they grow and flower best with a moderate amount of moisture in the soil, therefore, water your plant if you have no rainfall in your area for roughly two weeks during the growing season.

In winter, however, you will most likely do not need to water the plant at all.

Additionally, make sure to protect your plant from frost and strong plants.

If you are a gardener who lives outside its growing zones, then you will have success overwintering your plants in greenhouses or indoors.

Growing conditions for these plants are:

  • USDA growing zones: 10 to 11
  • color varieties:  yellow-green, red, or pink blooms
  • sun exposure: full to partial shade
  • soil conditions: rich, andy, medium moisture, and well-draining soil

6# Lavender

Lavender is a popular pant and produces stunning spikes of bluish-purple flowers.

These flowers tend to bloom throughout the growing season and the appearance of these plants varies across the genus.

For example, some have simple narrow leaves, while others tend to have more intricate foliage.

Moreover, some are compact plants, while others grow into shrubs that can even grow a few feet.

It is also popular for its calming fragrance and both its flowers and silvery foliage are commonly harvested for their oils or dried and use in potpourris and sachets.

drought-toleran plants 2

You can find this plant naturally in the dry, sandy soil of the Mediterranean. Lavender has evolved to subsist on little water.

It is important to keep the soil evenly moist during the first year of growth of this plant.

However, after this, you can only water if the first few inches of the soil are dry.

Regular pruning or pinching of the blooms can help promote additional flowering throughout the growing season.

Growth conditions for this plant are:

  • USDA growing zones: 5 to 8
  • color varieties: purple blooms
  • sun exposure: full sun
  • Soil needs: average, dry to medium moisture, well-draining

7# Trumpet Vine

If you are looking for vines, then this one is the right choice for you.

Trumpet vines are drought-tolerant plants that can grow in varying conditions, though they prefer lean to average soil with average moisture.

Moreover, these vigorously growing vines feature bright green leaves on the new plants that mature to dark green.

And they sport orange or red blooms in the summer that also attracts hummingbirds.

Surprisingly, these plants can survive for decades, dying back every winter and producing new growth in the spring.

trumpet vines

However, they flower best in full sun but also appreciate a little shade in hot climates.

You often do not have to water them to establish vines unless you have a long stretch without rainfall or a period of hot weather.

What you need to do for trumpet vines is prune them to limit their spread.

These vines produce new plants from underground stems and self-seed, which can also cause them to choke out other plants.

The growing condition for trumpet vines are:

  • USDA growing zones: 4 to 9
  • color varieties: orange or red blooms
  • sun exposure: full sun to part shade
  • soil needs: lean-to average, dry to medium moisture, well draining

Wrapping it Up

If you live in dry regions then choosing plants for your landscape might be a little challenging. However, there are a number of drought-tolerant plants, trees, vines, and flowers that can continue to thrive and look great, even if your area goes through a stretch without rainfall.

These plants will help you to minimize the time and money you spend on watering your garden. Moreover, some of them even prefer to grow in poor soil conditions, which often means you do not have to fertilize them.

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