We have touched upon and talked in great detail on what is the use of fertilizers. When it comes to making use of effective fertilizers for proper crop production and growth, you will also need to know what are nitrogen fertilizers.
So when it comes to fertilizers, we know these are those chemical substances which you must add into the crops so to ensure their productivity increases.
It is not something that happened in just a limited span of time. In fact fertilizers have been around for ages. Farmers have been using them extensively as they give the essential nutrients which your plants and gardens need to grow properly.
And here we are talking about potassium, phosphorous and even nitrogen. In this article we will be specifically talking about the uses of nitrogen fertilizers.
This is the kind which contains nitrogen and it is one of the essential elements you need for the development of the crops. Let’s now get into the detail of this topic:
What are Nitrogen Fertilizers?
When it comes to making use of fertilizers, organic fertilizers are the best kinds as they don’t have any chemical elements and are effective. They will also provide long-term benefits to your plants and crops.
However there are different kinds of fertilizers that serve different purposes. Among them is the nitrogen fertilizer. Nitrogen is essentially the element that balances the process of photosynthesis. This is because the main component of nitrogen is chlorophyll.
It is the major element that is also part of the amino acids in plants and it contains a high amount of protein. You need nitrogen because it improves the production as well as the quality of your agricultural ground.
Learn more about Agricultural Impact on Nitrogen Cycle here.
The Mechanism of Nitrogen Fertilizer
When it comes to how nitrogen fertilizer works, it works efficiently in giving a strong boost to crop production.
The nitrate actually dissolves in water and this then moves in slowly into the soil along with the soil water. Rainfall is known to wash the nitrates even further into the soil. And it can even reach into the drainage channels. This would lead to it losing into the agricultural production.
This is leaching and it is why many people are not in the favor of nitrogen usage in fertilizers. Especially when it comes to sandy soils.
Now let’s talk about the many uses of this fertilizer:
Uses of Nitrogen Fertilizer
Fertilizers in itself is a major element that has many uses. These are all relating to an increase in the crop growth. These are the chemical substances which are used and supplied to crops. This will lead to an increase in its productivity.
A nitrogen fertilizer is known for being the best nutrient when it comes to the growth of the plants. You can call it as the fuel power which ensures your plant will be getting the major boost to grow properly.
Many farmers actually make use of nitrogen fertilizer during the middle stages of the plant’s lifespan. This is essential as it will focus on and make the plant grow and shoot out large leaves and strong stems. It is useful for multipurpose crops.
Even if you started out properly, chances are you are facing concerns with how your plant is growing. When you make use of nitrogen fertilizer, you are essentially giving the boost to the plant mid-growth when it is most needed. Through the years the use of nitrogen has been increasing significantly. Companies nowadays make use of the best form of systems to ensure you get nitrogen fertilizers in its absolute best format.
The interesting thing is that both organic as well as inorganic fertilizers have elements of nitrogen in it. So let’s take an overview of these both quickly.
Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers
There are so many different kinds of fertilizers out there that you can use. Some are more productive for certain purposes, others are really good for other uses. But which kind to use depends on your land and the kind of crop cultivation you are planning to.
But the two major different kinds are organic fertilizers and inorganic. The organic fertilizers are actually made out of natural materials. The kind of elements you will find in nature. This can include manure, compost as well as any animal or plant products.
They are really good for your soil and plantation. However the organic kind works slowly and the effects can be send in the long run. Its effects are quite visible in the soil over time. And the best kind of organic fertilizers are those that you make right at home.
Whereas inorganic fertilizers are those which consist of chemical components. These chemicals also consist of nutrients which work great on your soil. It is essentially effective when you are going to give your garden a mega boost. And need to take on a quick short-term growth. It is the best way to give your plants a major growth spurt on a short notice.
Why Do You Need Nitrogen Fertilizers?
Nitrogen is one of the main elements that many kinds of living things need to grow. This includes different kinds of plants, animals and even microorganisms. They need it in substantial amounts. And it is essential for a strong and steady growing.
Did you know that there is 78% nitrogen available in the air? Most of the nitrogen that you see on Earth is available as a colorless and odorless gas. It is known as nitrogen gas. But this form of nitrogen is not readily accessible and cannot be used in this form.
There has to be another form to make use of it. As humans, we make use of nitrogen through the food we consume. But this doesn’t come from any kind of food kind. Only those types of food like meat, fish, nuts and beans have high amounts of nitrogen in them.
How plants get nitrogen and make use of it is through soil. This nitrogen is most common type of nutrient and it is limited to plant growth only. There is no other way in which you can make use of it. It is essential for sustainable agriculture.
When it comes to using nitrogen for plants, there are majorly two ways in which this gas will be transformed and used into the nitrogen-containing compounds. And this too is attainable without much of human intervention.
How Nitrogen Gets Into Soil- the Natural Way
When coming to the understanding of how should the nutrients and elements be used for proper consumption into the soil, there are majorly two ways:
In this procedure, the nitrogen from the air is possible to get into the soil. How it happens is when there is a heavy lightning strike, it will generate a lot of energy which will allow the nitrogen gas to successfully split. This leads to the creation of nitrogen-containing compounds. These will directly end up into the soil. And are effective in usage.
The Biological Fixation
This basically relates to how certain microorganisms will be using this gas as a nutrient in its absolute pure state. The specialized kind of microorganisms will be converting the nitrogen gas into ammonium. This is what we call nitrogen fixers. It is not hard to attain this. Most of these nitrogen-fixing microorganisms actually live in the soil. They get easily rooted into the soil of certain plants. It becomes easy for them to move up the shoot and stem and spread across the full plant.
So this is the natural way of getting the nitrogen fixation. But this means you will still be getting low levels of nitrogen. This is why you need to make use of fertilizers to get the right amount of nitrogen in the soil. In old days the crops and cultivation process was low and hard to get by as it was missing essential elements. However nowadays nitrogen fertilizers are available in the perfect quality and usage.
Nitrogen fertilizers are effective in providing you with the nitrogen levels you need. This is an essential nutrient which ensures that your plants and crops will grow efficiently. Since it is hard to get the right amount from the air, you can make use of fertilizers
So there you have it. In this article we have talked about what are fertilizers essentially. I also highlighted the difference between organic and inorganic fertilizers. You also came to know how nitrogen fertilizer can be a component and part of both kinds of fertilizer.
Nitrogen fertilizers are essentially one of the most important kinds of fertilizers you can make use for your plants and crops. They make your plants grow faster and stronger.
Farmers usually make use of them in the middle stage of crop cultivation as this ensures they will grow strong and steady in the long run.
It is a highly effective and resourceful element that lasts for long duration and gives great results. This article was all about how nitrogen fertilizers are essential to the growth and well-being of your cultivation.