Do you know that with advancements in technology, IoT applications in agriculture are gaining huge popularity all across the globe?
With the growing adoption of the Internet of things or IoT, connected devices are penetrating every aspect of your life.
Ranging from health to fitness, home automation, automotive and logistics, to smart cities and industrial IoT.
Thus, in agriculture, IoT, automation, and connected devices have found a logical way into agriculture.
Moreover, it is helping improve every aspect of agriculture.
With industrialization and technology-driven applications, farming has seen a number of transformations over a few decades.
By using different small agriculture gadgets, farmers are gaining better control over the process of raising livestock and growing crops.
Thus, making it more predictable and improving its efficiency.
This with the growing consumer demand for agricultural products is contributing to an increase in the proliferation of smart farming technologies.
It is interesting to note that in 2020, the market share for IoT in agriculture reached $5.6 billion.
Let’s explore the IoT cases in agriculture, and examine their benefits.
Thus, if you are planning to invest in smart farming, or planning to build an IoT application in Agriculture then dive right into it.
Smart Agriculture and its Market Share
Smart Agriculture is the application of IoT solutions in agriculture.
So what exactly is smart agriculture using IoT?
By making use of IoT sensors to collect environmental and machine matrices, farmers can make informed decisions, and improve almost all the aspects of their work.
This work ranges from livestock to crop farming.
For instance, by using smart agricultural sensors to monitor the state of your crops, you can define exactly how many pesticides and fertilizers you need to use to reach optimal efficiency.
Although IoT application in agriculture is not popular as consumer-connected devices, however, the market share is still very dynamic.
The adoption of IoT solutions for agriculture and farming is constantly growing.
Moreover, COVID-10 had a positive impact on IoT applications in the agriculture market share and has a GAGR of 9.9%
As per recent reports, the smart farming market share is set to reach $6.2 billion by the end of 2021.
Moreover, it is expected to triple by 2025, reaching $15.3 billion. As the market is still growing there is ample opportunity that can set you apart as an early adaptor.
But why should you consider IoT application in Agriculture in the first place?
IoT Applications shaping Agriculture
Both technology and IoT applications have the potential to transform agriculture in many different ways.
The following are the way IoT applications can help improve agriculture:
Data collection by Smart Agriculture Sensors
This includes weather conditions, soil quality, the growth of the crops, or your cattle’s health.
You can use this data to track the state of your work in general as well as staff performance, equipment efficiency, etc.
Control over the Internal Process and Lower Production Risks
The ability to predict the output of your production allows you to plan for better distribution.
Moreover, if you know how many crops you are going to harvest, then you can make sure that your product does not go to waste.
Increase in Control over the Production
Having the ability to predict anomalies in the growth of your crops or livestock health and help you to reduce the chances or risks of losing your crop or cattle yield.
Increase in Efficiency through Automation
As you incorporate smart devices in agriculture, you can automate different processes across the production cycle.
Enhanced Product Quality and Volumes
IoT applications allow you to achieve better control over the production process
Moreover, it helps maintain high standards of crop quality and growth capacity through automation.
As a result, all these factors can lead to higher revenue.
Now that you have learned about IoT applications in agriculture, let’s take a look at applications and benefits in practice.
IoT Applications in Agriculture
Smart farming is a hi-tech and effective system of doing agriculture and growing crops in a sustainable way.
Moreover, it is an application of implementing connected devices and technologies together into agriculture.
It majorly depends on IoT, thus, it helps to increase productivity in every possible way.
Recent IoT trends in agriculture, it has bought huge benefits like an efficient use of water, optimizing inputs, and many more.
What made it stand out is that it has huge benefits and has bought a revolution in agriculture.
IoT-based agriculture improves the whole system by monitoring the field.
By making use of sensors and interconnectivity, not only saves time but also reduces the excessive use of resources like water and electricity.
It keeps factors like humidity, temperature, soil, etc, under check and gives a clear observation.
Let’s discuss these applications as follows:
1# Monitoring the Climatic Conditions
One of the most popular smart agricultural gadgets is weather stations that combine different smart farming sensors.
Located across your field, they help to collect different forms of data from the environment and send it to the cloud.
It collects different pieces of information about the environment like humidity, rainfall, temperatures, and more accurately.
Moreover, these sensors monitor the conditions of your crops and the weather around them.
Thus, if there is any disturbance, they send an immediate alert.
You can use the measurements of the cloud to map the climate conditions, choose appropriate crops, and take the necessary steps to improve their capacity i.e. precision farming.
2# GreenHouse Automation
Many farmers use manual intervention to control the greenhouse environment.
However, with the help of IoT sensors, you can get more accurate information about your greenhouse conditions like lighting, temperature, soil conditions, and humidity.
Additionally, weather stations automatically adjust the conditions to match your given parameters, along with sourcing environmental data.
Greenhouse automation systems specifically use a similar principle.
Moreover, this helps to make the entire process cost-effective and increases accuracy at the same time.
Learn more about Digital Farming here.
3# Crop and Cattle Management
Another type of IT application is precision farming or precision agriculture. Just like weather stations, you can place these sensors across the field to collect data.
This data ranges from temperature and precipitation to leaf water potential to overall crop health.
Thus, it helps to monitor crop growth and prevent anomalies like diseases or infections that can harm your crops.
In the same way, IoT applications in agriculture are applicable to the animals on your farm.
This helps to monitor their health and log performance.
Livestock monitoring and tracking can help collect data on stock health, well-being, and physical location.
For instance, these sensors can help identify sick animals so that you can separate them from the herd and avoid contamination.
Moreover, using drones can help reduce staffing expenses.
4# Precision Farming
Precision agriculture or farming is one of the famous applications of IoT in Agriculture.
It helps you to be more precise by realizing smart farming applications like livestock monitoring, vehicle tracking, field observations, and inventory monitoring.
The goal of this farming is to analyze the data with the help of sensors and use that information to intelligent and quick decisions.
There are a number of precision farming techniques. These are:
- irrigation management,
- livestock management
- vehicle tracking and more.
Thus, they help increase efficiency and effectiveness.
Moreover, you can analyze the soil conditions and other related parameters to increase operational efficiency with the help of precision farming.
Learn more about Role of Information Technology in Agriculture here.
5# Agriculturla Drones
One of the most promising features of agritech advancements is the use of agricultural drones in smart farming.
Also termed UAVs or unmanned aerial vehicles, these are better equipped than airplanes and satellites to collect agricultural data.
Other than surveillance capabilities, they can perform a number of tasks like planting crops, fighting pests, and infections, agricultural spraying, crop monitoring, etc.
You can use both ground and aerial drones for this purpose. Moreover, drones with thermal or multispectral sensors can help to identify the areas that need changes in irrigation.
After your crops start growing, sensors indicate their health and calculate the vegetation index.
Learn more about Regenerative Farming here.
6# Data Analysis
It is important to note that precision agriculture and predictive data analysis go hand in hand.
While IoT and smart sensor technology give highly relevant data, the use of data analytics helps you to make sense of it and come up with important predictions.
These include crop harvesting time, the risks of diseases, and infestations, yield volume, etc.
Moreover, these tolls that are highly dependent on weather conditions, more manageable and predictable.
With the help of IoT devices, you know the real-time status of your crops by capturing the data from the sensors.
Thus, the trend analysis helps you to know weather conditions and the right time to harvest crops.
It helps to maintain the quality of crops and fertility of the land, thus enhancing the product volume and quality.
IoT applications in agriculture enable you to implement modern technology in your agriculture. This has helped bridge the gap between production and quality and quantity yield.
After the collection of data and importing information from different sensors, for real time use or storage in a database, it ensures swift action and less damage to the crops. With end-to-end intelligent operations and improvement in business process execution, your product is processed faster and reaches the supermarkets in the fastest time possible.