Laying Artificial Grass on Your Own

Al Ardh Alkhadra > Blog > Gardening > Laying Artificial Grass on Your Own

artificial grass

Do you have an empty, barren space where some artificial grass would look just fine?

Then do not wait on it and fill up that area with an earthy vibe by laying the turf.

While it is no easy task and you should let a professional do it instead, this article can guide you through the process.

Fill up the empty space with an artificial lawn or astroturf with the tools and material required.

Let’s find out about these in this step-by-step guide.

tools for installing turf

What Do You Need?

In order to install artificial grass, you will need some tools and a base area.

You need to be sure if you can even lay the astroturf on your space.

That space may have soil, concrete or decking.

Some bases are suitable to apply the grass, while others are not.

You will find out about this in detail later.

Laying it down is what requires the hardest work.

Once you have your artificial turf, you do not have to maintain it like you would normal grass.

Once you lay it down, the work is done.

You do not have to apply water or fertilizer to it regularly.

Moreover, you do not have to mow it once it is installed.

Once you install the turf it can last for as long as 15 years.

Hence, it is an eco-friendly and sustainable way to make your house or office space look lush.

It spares you the headache of maintenance, however, you may have to use a garden hose for spraying it occasionally.

If you want to install artificial turf, the first step should be getting tools that will help you in the process.

Keep these tools handy so that you can begin the installation yourself:

  • Hammer
  • Tape Measure
  • Joining Adhesive
  • Shovel
  • Gloves
  • Shovel
  • Jointing Tape
  • Landscape Rake
  • Tamper
  • Stanley Knife
  • Turf Cutter
  • Stiff Brush and Broom
  • Planks for Compacting
  • Weed barrier
  • Builder’s sand
  • Ground Pins or Galvanised nails
  • VertEdge adhesive if not nails for edging
  • Landscaping Staples

Once you have all the tools you require, it is time to apply the grass.

Though, before that, you need to check if you have the right base to install it on.

Let’s find out more about that below.

installing artificial grass

Where Can You Install an Artificial Grass?

There are many bases for installing artificial grass however, not every base is suitable for the installation.

The popular choices that may come to your mind include decking, concrete and soil.

Let’s see if you can install it on these surfaces.

Laying it on Concrete

You can easily lay the artificial turf on top of a concrete and solid floor.

One thing you need to notice is that the surface is even and also drains water correctly.

If the base is uneven, you can apply foam beneath the turf so that it is not harsh to walk on.

Plus, the padding provides extra cushioning as well as drainage so that the grass remains of great quality all year round.

This padding acts as an underlay and can even work if the base is even.

It will prevent the hardness of the solid concrete while also ensuring that the grass is looked after in the best way.

Laying it on a Decking 

You can also lay the turf on a decking.

Though, the precautions are similar to that of a hard surface like concrete.

Since, now you have to lay it on wood, make sure that it is fresh and strong.

Weak and moldy wood is not the most suitable surface for laying the turf.

Moreover, like concrete, you will need an underlay or a weed membrane.

This makes the grass comfortable and keeps it in a good shape.

applying artificial grass

Where Can You Not Install the Artificial Grass?

Artificial turf cannot be installed everywhere.

This is because surfaces like concrete and wood are mostly even and hard.

However, it will be hard to apply it on any other surface that is not as hard.

Take, for example, Soil.

A soil base is not the most suitable for laying an artificial turf or lawn.

This is because you do not want to have a base that is easily compromised and affected due to weather conditions.

Weather can induce wear and tear in the soil, affecting the base for the turf negatively.

You do not want to ruin your grass installation, so it is always better to go for a base that is rather stronger.

A strong base can consist of granite sone 6mm dust and MOT Type 1.

Once you are done with finalizing your base, it is now time to install the grass.

First, you have to plan and clear the area, removing any existing turf, next you prepare the base and lay down the turf.

The next steps involve maintaining and trimming the turf.

More on that below!

installing the turf steps

Artificial Grass Installation Steps

Step 1: Planning and Cleaning the Area

The first step is to find the area that you will use to plan and set up the grass.

This area should have cables and water pipes below the digging depth.

After you find the perfect area, it is time to clear it.

Remove existing grass or turf from 2 to 4 inches deep.

Properly dispose of the base and use a dump trailer for the disposal.

You will need to also dispose of the soil.

Next use a space or turf cutter to clear the area from stones, bricks and other obstacles.

Step 2: Creating and Edge and Setting Up the Base 

Before you set up a base, you may have to install an edging system.

This is needed when there is no perimeter for the product.

You need to knock the edging with a hammer and piece of wood into the soil.

Leave only about 3 cm exposed, now you can set up the base.

For the base, use:

  • builder’s sand
  • class 2- road base
  • granite dust

Spread 1 and a half inches of the builder’s sand and use a landscaping rake to distribute it evenly.

You may also need to compact the sand using a tamper or rubber hammer and plywood till it is firm.

Similarly, lay around 4 inches of class 2- road base.

It creates a level platform with efficient drainage.

Also, install a gopher wire, wet the area and go over it through a compactor to achieve a rather smooth surface.

For granite dust, apply 6mm of it and drag it evenly in the area using a piece of timber.

This applies sand and dust to the surface and smoothes it out.

Level the imperfections before you apply sand which shouldn’t be more than 20 mm deep.

unrolling the turf

Steps of Installation

Step 3: Applying the Weed Barrier 

As the base completes, add a weed membrane to that area.

A weed barrier reduces the chances of weed growth through any turf be it artificial.

Secure that with the 4 inches of galvanized nails around the perimeter at every 0.75m.

Besides preventing weed growth it also helps in water drainage.

Roll it all over to cover the membrane, letting the edges overlap at any joints by several inches.

You can later trim them or overlap the edges and attach them using gaffer tapes and secure them in place using landscaping staples.

Step 4: Time to Lay The Turf

Before applying the turf, first, let it sit in the sun for an hour or half to expand properly.

Unroll the turf over the base while also being careful to not move the weed barrier out of place.

Have the pile direction running towards the house. This will give a good aesthetic from the window.

Trim the excess artificial turf once it settles into position.

Move the grass into the proper position according to the blade direction and stitch patterns.

Pro tip: Wear knee pads to protect your shins and knees while you are stretching and manipulating the turf. 

Now that the synthetic grass is in place, you will be to see the excess left.

Use carpet cutters and razor knives to cut the excess turf.

When making cuts, do it from the back so that you can see the stitches rows and also leave a quarter or half of the turf over the edge of the border.

This will later help in making the finishing touches.

finishing touches to artificial grass

Adding Finishing Touches to the Artificial Grass

First, you need to secure the perimeter.

Tuck the quarter to half-inch turf on the edges that you left behind with a putty knife and hammer.

Use nails and a hammer to pierce the backing and drives the nail into the ground.

Keep the nails every 4 feet apart.

Spread the turf blades out and away from the base of the nail before you hammer it in.

Next, you should brush the turf with a broom.

The blade memory gets vertical and now you can filling move on to an infill.

For a natural-looking turf, you need to spread the infill.

It is important for the appearance and longevity of the turf.

You can apply 6 to 8 kg of kiln sand per square meter of the turf.

Disperse it using a drop spreader so that it reaches all the spaces evenly.

Once all the installation of the turf is complete, it is now time to brush it for the last time.

Brushing with a power broom or a stiff broom helps to make the grass look natural.

The blades will stand straight similar to how freshly mowed grass looks.

Repeat it till all the area and the infill is brushed evenly and here you are done with the finishes.

Once the turf is installed, you will only have to brush it regularly in order to give it a natural look.

There is no other maintenance.

However, you may have to keep up with hygiene and sanitary practices if you have a pet.

Finally, 

Installing artificial grass on your own is surely not an easy task.

Therefore, let the experts at Al Ardh Alkhadra install it and they will also help to maintain it regularly.

 

 

 

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