Monstera Plant Care and Growth Guide

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monstera plant

A Monstera plant is an indoor plant that you can have in your indoor settings.

Indoor plants help to enhance the beauty and appearance of the space, while also sprucing up your home decor.

Moreover, this is one of the air-purifying plants that help you get rid of air pollutants.

Monstera plant is an easy-to-grow evergreen plant and is popular as a “split leaf philodendron”.

This plant features large, heart-shaped leaves, along with a unique pattern.

Due to their size and rate of growth, you can easily spot them in any part of the room, thus, making them a statement plant.

With enough sunlight and water, these houseplants will happily thrive in your indoor setting, especially due to warm and humid environments.

However, one important thing to note is that the plant is toxic when you consume them.

Therefore, keep them away from pets and small children.

Keep on reading.

Quick Facts about Monstera Plant

Monstera plant is native to Central America and is popular for its big plants.

If you have this plant in an indoor setting, the plant will have moderate growth and you can grow it to a height of about 1 to 2 feet a year.

It has naturally glossy leaves with large heart shapes that split, and you can also see intricate aerial roots growing out of the soil.

These roots tend to benefit the plant by supporting the stems that hold leaves.

However, if your plant is outdoors in the right zone, it will have tannish-cream flowers.

Moreover, bees will pollinate the plant while edible juicy fruit will be there which tends to have the flavor of pineapple and banana.

monstera plant 1

It is important to note that the plant will not bear fruit when you grow it as a houseplant.

Common Names Split-leaf philodendron, Swiss cheese plant, window leaf, ceriman
Botanical Name Monstera deliciosa
Family Araceae
Plant Type Climbing evergreen
Mature Size 3 ft. tall, 2-3 ft. spread
Sun Exposure Bright indirect sunlight, partial shade
Soil Type Peat-based potting soil, well-drained
Soil pH Acid or neutral
Bloom Time Mid-summer
Flower Color Cream/tan
Hardiness Zones 10-12 (USDA)
Native Area Central America
Toxicity Toxic to cats and dogs1

Monstera Deliciosa Plant Care

This plant tends to thrive in hardiness zones 10 through 12 and will grow best in conditions where it is warm humid weather.

When you plant monstera deliciosa plant outdoors, make sure to plant it in part-shade in well-draining soil.

In case the soil in your yard or garden is naturally salty, move it to the patio or indoors.

Moreover, you can apply a balanced fertilizer 3 to 4 times a year and this plant can grow up to 10 feet tall or more.

However, if you intend to plant it as an indoor plant, make sure to choose a deep pot with a number of drainage holes.

Learn more about Air Purifying Plants: For your Indoors here.

Light and Soil Requirments

Monstera plant is an evergreen plant that loves to thrive in bright, indirect sunlight, in temperature that remains consistently between 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

It is important to note that if the plant receives too much direct sunlight in warmer months, it can burn the foliage.

In such cases, makes sure to bring your plant indoors at least once a year in indirect sunlight.

This will encourage lush growth. While outdoors, the Swiss cheese plant will grow in full shape of deep woodlands and semi-shade light woodlands.

When you plant monstera deliciosa in a pot or container, it will need a peat-based potting medium.

While in outdoor settings, make sure to place them in sandy, medium loamy, and heavy clay soils.

Moreover, the soil should be acidic or have a neutral pH. Though the plant will thrive in well-draining, moderately moist soil.

Water, Temperature, and Other Requirments

You will need to give the monstera plant regular watering during the growing season every one to two weeks.

Make sure to put it in water until the excess of it drains out through drainage holes.

However, make sure to never put excess water back into the pot as the plant already has taken what it needs.

The soil will need to dry out slightly between watering, and water only sometimes in fall and winter.

In order to increase humidity indoors, you can mist the foliage with a spray bottle of demineralized water or rainwater.

watering requirments

When fertilizing the plant, use a balanced liquid fertilizer, 20-20-20 to feed your plant every few weeks during the growing season.

Make sure to dilute 1/2 teaspoon of fertilizer in a gallon of water and use it instead of regular water.

Pour the mixture into the soil until it begins to flow out of the drainage holes, and throw the excess diluted fertilizer.

This is because the plant already has taken what it needs and will not use the extra mixture that it drains off.

Pruning and Propagating Monstera Plant

When pruning monstera deliciosa, trim the aerial roots if it gets too unruly for the space.

Though tucking them into the pot back is what experts recommend the most.

Unlike other houseplants, their roots will not cause any damage to the surface, while stems and leaves will respond well to trimming and you can use them for propagation.

You can easily propagate this plant from stem cutting.

However, the most popular method to propagate this plant is through air layering. The following are the steps for both processes:

Stem Cuttings: To propagate with stem cuttings, follow the steps below:

  • With the help of clean, sharp pruning shear, cut off the stem that incles a node, which is a little bump where roots tend to show, an aerial root, and at least two leaves
  • put a little bit of ground cinnamon on the mother plant where you make the cut as this will prevent any disease from entering through the cut and help the wound heal
  • put the cutting in a glass of water, and make sure to change it every 3 to 5 days, however, if possible, use filtered water or rain water over tap water
  • you will notice small clumps of root showing in a couple of months, and at this point, you can place the new plant in fresh soil and keep it moist as it will establish itself

monstera plant 2

Air Layering: Experts prefer the method of air layering as you will not make a cut in the mother plant until the baby is ready to place in a new pot with new roots.

The mother plant may not look attractive for some time, however, it is better to get a healthy new plant.

You will need floral or sphagnum moos for this process, a plastic bag or a plastic wrap, and twist ties.

While the steps of this process are:

  • find a stem with a number of nodes where roots will grow
  • or find a leaf that is growing out of a stem and will have short aerial roots
  • then cut a small notch of about 1/3 of the width of the stem, just below the root
  • wrap about 1 inch of the layer of sphagnum moss around the point where the leaf joins the stem
  • then spray the moss with water to increase moisture and wrap it in plastic
  • you can use twist ties to secure it, while for some time, it may look messy
  • make sure that the moss is moist until new roots develop
  • when it happens in a few months, you can cut the stem below the root with the help of a clean, sharp tool and establish the young plant in a fresh pot of soil
  • however, do not forget to put ground cinnamon on the wound of the mother plant to stop any disease from entering the cut and help the wound heal

Learn more about Peat Moss: Uses, Advantages, and Alternatives here.

Potting and Repotting your Plant

It is important to note that your monstera plant will outgrow its pot every two years or more.

In such cases, you will need to transplant your plant into a new one that is a few inches wider and deeper to accommodate its growth.

This plant loves to thrive in well-draining porous pots like terracotta or clay as they like airflow and drainage.

However, any material pot will drainage holes will also be great for them.

repotting

Pot your plant with the help of the following steps:

  • fill the bottom third of the pot with peat moss
  • establish a stake for the stem to climb on gently.
  • set the roots into the new container, and fill in the soil around them
  • then firmly surround the stake with soil and use plant ties to attach the stem to the stake

Common Pest and Problems

To keep your plant clean and avoid pests, you should avoid dust or debris from leaves with the help of a damp sponge or paper towel.

However, some common pests that can affect your plant as mealybugs, aphids, thrips, scale, and spider mites.

If you do find them on foliage, you can spray the plant with a direct stream of water, and wash the leaves with insecticidal soap.

Although this plant is an easy-growing plant, the Swiss chees plant can still have some problems.

However, once you figure out the cause of the plant, it will recover well.

Some of the common problems are:

Browning Tips: In case the tips of the plant tend to turn brown, it means that the soil is dry or you need to constantly water your plant to keep it moist.

Remove the affected leaves. However, if there is a yellow halo around the brown spots or tips, it means that your plant is suffering from fungus disease.

This could have gotten there due to overwatering or keeping the plant soil too wet for too long.

In this case, remove the affected leaves and let the plant dry out.

Yellow Leaves: This is an indication of dry soil and often the oldest plants of the plant turn yellow.

To treat them, remove the affected leaves and check the soil if it’s too dry, then give it some water.

Wilting Leaves: This is a case when you water too much or too little.

You may have overwatered or underwatered your plant.

If it is overwatered, the plant can be suffering from root rot, and you should try to take out the plant to evaluate the roots.

Moreover, cleaning the roots, pruning off mushy parts, and repoting the plant to new soil will do the trick.

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