Water irrigation systems are installed to help farmers nurture and provide their farmland or landscape with the water it needs. Plants need water to continue thriving all year round. Irrigation is an essential aspect of great landscaping. If you plan to have an irrigation system installed, you should know a few things.
To know bout the different types of irrigation keep reading below.
How to Choose the Right Irrigation System
Farmers can use irrigation systems for different purposes in a variety of environments. Understanding the different types of methods will help make your water irrigation system effective.
At the same time, it is beneficial to your landscaping needs. Here we discuss the different water irrigation system details to help you better understand your needs.
Sprinkler Irrigation System
Do you know that sprinkler irrigation systems are one of the most common types of water irrigation systems? The reason is you can use sprinkler irrigation systems for various environments. It is known to be one of the most multifaceted and versatile irrigation methods.
The sprinkler irrigation system usually sprays water into the air. Then the water from the sprinkler falls to the ground, similar to rainfall. The spray of water flows out of the nozzle under high pressure as the nozzles are usually microscopic in size.
With a careful selection of nozzle sizes, operating pressure, and sprinkler spacing, you can apply the amount of irrigation water required to refill the crop root zone. The water should spread uniformly to suit the soil’s infiltration rate.
Advantages of Sprinkler irrigation
- It saves water.
- The system is suitable for all types of soil except heavy clay
- Ideal for irrigating crops with a very high plant population per unit area.
- There is no conveyance loss due to elimination of the channels for conveyance.
- The irrigation system is especially suitable for oilseeds and other cereal and vegetable crops.
- It offers closer control of water application convenient for use.
- Increase in yield as it is a controlled water system.
- The farmer can use it in undulating areas.
- Influences a greater conducive micro-climate.
- Using this method farmers can irrigate areas located at a higher elevation than the water source.
- There is a possibility of using soluble chemicals and fertilizers.
- You will find there are lesser occurrences of the problem of clogging of sprinkler nozzles primarily due to sediment-laden water.
Different Types of Sprinkler Irrigation Systems
You can classify sprinkler systems into the following two major types. It is primarily based on the arrangement for spraying irrigation water.
- The Rotating head
In the case of resolving sprinkler systems, you will notice that the small-size nozzles are attached to riser pipes. These nozzles are fixed at uniform intervals along the length of the lateral line. You need to lay down these lateral pipes on the ground surface. Using this system, you can also irrigate a rectangular strip.
- The Perforated pipe system:
This method consists of drilled holes or nozzles along the channel’s length. Through these holes, water is sprayed under pressure. This irrigation system is designed for relatively low pressure, approximately 1 kg per square cm.
The application rate ranges from 1.25 to 5 cm per hour for various pressures and spacing. The sprinkler systems are further classified into different types based on their portability. Such as portable systems and semi-portable systems. Their categorization is based on the location of the pumping plant and the water source.
Drip Irrigation System
Drip irrigation is virtually the complete opposite of sprinkler irrigation systems. The difference is the way it supplies water to plants. Instead of delivering water overhead of plants and landscaping – drip irrigation works to provide water directly to the roots of the plant. They provide water through lines of irrigation.
The drip system is famous not only because of its effectiveness but also because of the amount of water it conserves in the process. We all know that water is scarce. So drip irrigation helps save you both money and time.
How Does a Drip Irrigation System Work?
This water irrigation method is the most efficient water and nutrient delivery system for growing crops. It is a simple irrigation technique that will reduce water consumption by about 50 percent from the most traditional irrigation methods.
The system delivers water and nutrients directly to the plant’s root zone. It provides water in the right amounts, at the right time, so each plant root. Thus each plant gets exactly what it needs when it needs it – to grow optimally.
Drip irrigation provides a favorable moisture level for the plants to thrive. The reason being for this system the application of water is more. Do you know that it is also known as micro-irrigation, trickle irrigation, or localized irrigation?.
The system involves dripping water onto the soil at meager rates of about 2 liters to even 20 liters per hour from a drip system. The drip system generally has small diameter plastic pipes fitted with outlets which you know as emitters or drippers. As a result, it avoids under watering and overwatering. The whole purpose of the system is to conserve water.
During the process water should be applied very close to plants. The reason being only a portion of the soil in which the roots grow. It is very different to surface and sprinkler irrigation, where the entire ground receives the water. In drip irrigation, watering is frequent, say about 1 to 3 days compared to other methods. As a result, it provides a favorable high moisture level in the soil for the plant to grow.
It is important to note that if the water supply rate is below the soil’s infiltration capacity – the soil will remain unsaturated. You will find no free-standing water over the soil surface in such a scenario.
In this system, nutrients and water are delivered across the field in pipes known as dripper lines which feature smaller units known as drippers. Each dripper emits drops which usually contain water and fertilizers. As a result, the system results in the uniform application of nutrients and water directly to each plant’s root zone across the entire farmland.
Surface Irrigation System
Surface irrigation systems primarily use gravity to spread water to the landscaping. This is, overall, the least expensive type of irrigation system for some types of landscaping. The reason being water can be spread naturally due to the shape of your land or farm.
Water Irrigation System Are Beneficial
Effective water irrigation systems not only benefit your landscape and farmland, but they also help save you money and time. If you maintain it correctly, irrigation systems are a significant investment.
These are reliable systems and value for farmers, homeowners, and facility managers simultaneously.
Do Not Need To Water Plants For Hours
Even you would agree that only some have multiple hours to water their landscaping and plants all year round. It is when water irrigation systems do the work for you. It solely depends on the method and product you choose.
You can automate your irrigation system in order to save you a significant amount of time
Do Not Have to Worry About Over or Under Watering The Plants
It is important to note that investing in an irrigation system can save you money on utility bills as well. Many homeowners and farmers need to be aware of the unnecessary amount of money they waste. By watering plants outdoors, you can waste a lot of water. Irrigation systems are built to provide your plants and landscape. These systems use the ideal amount of water throughout the day.