Hydrangea Flower: Planting and Caring

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hydrangea flower

Are you thinking of growing a flower garden? You might be looking for beautiful flowers to add to your garden. One option is the Hydrangea Flower.

These pretty flowers’ colors add aesthetic beauty to your garden.

They grow buds in early summer to bloom properly in the next spring, summer and last till fall season.

However, they may stop blooming in extremely hot weather but will grow again in the fall.

This article discusses the planting and care tips required to grow them in your garden.

hydrangea flower in park

What Is The Hydrangea Flower?

This is essentially a shrub.

These flowering shrubs have many flower heads and do not require much maintenance.

They are not only low maintenance but also grow in any soil, have a simple plantation and also has many blooms.

What’s more, is that they come in many vibrant colors, some of them appear on the same plant.

Types of Hydrangeas 

There are several types of hydrangeas but you can widely divide it into two categories.

First there are two kinds that bloom on this year’s stems on new growth.

Hence, is they bloom buds in this summer then they will bloom flowers the next early spring and will continue to do so without much maintenance or care.

These include Smooth and Panicle Hydrangeas.

Smooth ones have big white clusters. Hence, they are also known as snowballs.

Search for a cultivar “Annabelle”, these have tight as well as symmetrical blooms.

They bloom in late summer hence, they can last till fall and colder climates.

The other kind is Panicle. They grow up to 8 feet and do so easily.

A popular version is the Grandiflora.

types of hydrangea flower in a garden


The Second Type

The other type is of plants that grow on last year’s stems.

These plants grow buds in fall rather than summer.

Hence, they are better grown in warmer climatic conditions than in cold ones.

Moreover, they are usually at risk of inconsistent flowering.

They can fall prey to early frost during fall and late during spring.

Also, the cold in winter can damage them even if they are dormant.

Examples include:

  • Bigleaf
  • Climbing
  • Mountain
  • Oakleaf

Bigleaf Hydrangeas are one of the most common types. They can easily grow in warmer climates.

And among these, the large round blooms of a Mophead hydrangea are well-loved.

They can even change color from dark blue to pink in soil with neutral pH.

Though different varieties have different colors such as the “Color Fantasy” which has red-purple flowers and dark green leaves.

If there is any damage to buds in winters then they can be grown again in spring.

Oakleaf hydrangeas also tolerate extremely hot climates.

Other examples of flowers include the popular lacecap that form big flowers around the smaller buds.

It gives a delicate look of blooming halfway.

The french one has large blooms that go well in your flower bouquet.

While the endless summer hydrangeas are a variety of bigleaf that can grow in cold climates.

These are the several types of hydrangeas that you can grow in your garden.

Now let’s look at how to plant them.

woman planting flowers in a garden


Planting Flowers

When Should You Plant Them? 

In order to plant the hydrangea flowering bulbs make sure that it does not collide with the frost dates.

Plant it either before fall frost or after spring frost.

The best season to plant them is fall and then spring.

You should give the shrubs enough time to form a root system.

Moreover, plant them in the morning or early afternoon and keep watering them well while also saving water.

Where Should You Plant Them? 

Once you know when you should plant these flowers, the next important step is to know their ideal planting location.

The best soil for them is fertile and well moist with continual watering.

The soil should also drain well and you can make it more fertile by adding compost and plant fertilizers.

Add compost to heavy soils and you should water them but do not waterlog them.

Drainage is essential as otherwise, the roots could rot and the plant dies.

The draining soils should also have a good soil pH.

Acidic solid is better for the hydrangea plant and hydrangea blooms rather than alkaline ones.

Moreover, these flowers prefer to get some early morning sun.

Though the full sun in bright afternoon isn’t great for them.

Hence, you should find a corner in your house where the morning sun comes in but there is also partial shade from the afternoon sun.

You can find these on the north and south side of your home.

However, remember to not plant them near trees as they will have to fight for their share of water and nutrients.

Moreover, do not choose any windy area. Extreme winds can cause damage to the flowers and rip apart the leaves.

Furthermore, plant them 3 to 10 feet apart so that they grow properly if they grow tall.

woman planting hydrangea flower


Planting Hydrangea Flower

After you know your right location, dig a hole there.

It should be twice as wide as the root ball but with the same depth.

Next, insert the plant inside and fill it around the halfway mark with soil.

Water it thoroughly to moisten it and then fill it to the top complete with soil.

Once it is covered in the soil again, add water again.

You can also propagate them and grow them from cuttings.

Find out a branch that is lighter in color than the rest.

This is probably a new growth branch without any flowers or bloom.

Next, cut horizontally a few inches from the tip. The cutting should have 4 to 5 leaves.

Remove those that are at the lowest position trimming them directly from the stem.

Leaf nodes allow for better and easy growth of roots.

Hence, trim more than one if you can leaving behind at least 2 leaves.

Though if these 2 leaves are very big then you should cut them in half as you need to place them in a plastic bag later.

Next, choose a pot filled with potting mix and water it well.

Place the cutting inside deep and add some more water to prevent any air gaps around the stem.

Then you should cover the entire pot with a plastic bag put place it loosely.

This allows for humidity but make sure that no leaves touch the bag as this will destroy and rot them.

Tip: You can use chopsticks to hold the bag away from the leaves. 

Ok once your pot is set choose a suitable location with indirect sunlight and no wind.

Plus regularly check if your cutting is not rotting yet.

Provide some water when you feel that the topmost layer of the soil is now dry.

Do not water it regularly when it is moist as it will waterlog the plant.

You will see the cutting root in a matter of weeks.

caring for plants in pots on rooftop


Caring For Hydrangea Flower

You can sustain these flowers in your garden without much maintenance.

All you have to do is take care of a few considerations.

Giving Water 

Initially while planting in the first and second season, they need to be well watered.

Give them water for at least 3 days a week and remember to give them about 1 inch in the week especially during the growing season.

Also when you water then you should do so deeply rather than just sprinkling water on them.

Remember that your plant will dry out, wilt, and eventually die if your soil is not moistened.

Hence, neither the leaves nor the flowers will grow.

Especially if you plant bigleaf and smooth hydrangea variants then they need plenty of water.

A soaker hose will help water the soil without interfering with the flowers and leaves.

Also, the optimal time for watering is in the morning which prevents them from coming under the influence of the afternoon heat.

Adding Fertilizer 

Hydrangeas do not require much fertilizer, especially if the soil is already rich in nutrients.

Though you can add compost and fertilizers to enhance it.

However, make sure that excess fertilizer will lead to more leaf growth and less flowers will bloom.

Different kinds of hydrangeas have separate soil needs in climates.

Oakleaf and Panicle will require two occasional fertilizer applications in April and June.

Whereas smooth ones need it only once a year during winter.

On the other hand, Bigleaf variants require many applications during March, May and June.

Therefore, the fertilizer needs differ for each type and you should give that accordingly.

adding mulch to hydrangea flowers



Besides fertilizers, you can also add organic mulch.

It breaks down to provide nutrients to the soil and keeps it cool.

It also moistens the soil over time and brings an improvement to its texture.

Protection From Cold Weather 

You need to cover this plant in the winter.

Cover at least 18 inches of it or all of it.

You can use mulch, straw and leaves to cover it.

You can make cages from snow fences and place them there covering them with leaves.

Protection From Diseases

One way to avoid pests is to use resistant variants.

These flowers are vulnerable to mildew, wilting and leaf spots.

Though the usual pests usually do not attack them.

However, aphids and red spiders can do so if your plants are stressed and not cared for properly.

Hence, you should take good care of them.


The Hydrangea Flower is a beautiful plant with different variants and hydrangea colors.

You can grow hydrangea in pots and otherwise but make sure they get adequate water and sunlight.

Once, they are in your garden, they will liven it up with their unique aesthetic appeal.








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