Do you know that you can have a compost bin at your home to make organic compost for your garden or your farms?
The design of the compost bin is to accelerate the decomposition of the organic matter through proper aeration and moisture retention.
With the help of a proper combination of air and moisture, you can produce ideal conditions for a variety of aerobic organisms.
These organisms are responsible for the high temperatures that transform this organic material into compost.
The organic material you get as a result of composting is extremely beneficial for your gardens as its results from a perfect mixture of organic materials.
Moreover, it is also an easy way to reduce the amount of food waste piling up in landfills by more than 30% of what you throw away.
Thus, you can say that composting is a win-win for plants and the Earth.
Keep on reading to learn more about it in detail.
A compost bin is a container into which you can place all the organic waste. It then turns into compost with time.
Some bins are continuous, which means that you can keep adding waste to them.
On the other hand, in some types, you need to create batches of compost with a set mix of ingredients that you will have to add at once.
However, the same process of composting will gradually take place in the compost pile or heap, even without housing.
But with a bin, you can also speed up the process of decomposition.
Moreover, depending on the type of compost bin you choose, compost bins have the advantage of making it harder for rats to get to your compost.
This is also true for tumbler types of compost bins.
There are different types of compost bins.
You can either buy them from a store or make them home. The following materials can help to create a compost bin:
Lumber, branches from the woods, stone, cinder blocks, wire fencing, plastic, ceramic.
However, if you are building one from lumber, and use them in a vegetable garden, do not use pressure-treated lumber, it is not safe.
Compost Bin: Ingredients
Composting is a great way to use different things in your home that are a little past their prime.
Moreover, they help to reduce food waste.
You can also compost certain kinds of yard waster rather than just sending them straight to dump.
To start off your compost pile you will need the following:
Fruit scraps, vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, grass, and plant clipping.
Additionally, you can add dry leaves, finely chopped wood and bark chips, shredded newspaper, straw, and sawdust from untreated wood.
It is important to note that you can either have a compost bin in your kitchen or make your own indoor or outdoor compost bin.
Another option is to store them in the freezer until you are ready to add them to your larger pile, and this one is for kitchen scraps that start to spoil quickly.
Types of Composting
There are two types of composting before you begin with the process.
- cold composting
- hot composting
Cold composting is a simple process in which you can collect the yard waste or take out the organic materials in your trash, i.e. fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds, and eggshells.
You can then corral them in a pile or bin and over the course of a year or so, the material will decompose.
On the other hand, Hot composting requires you to be more active, however, it is a fast process.
As a result, you will get compost in 1 to 3 months during warm weather.
You will need 4 ingredients for hot compost: nitrogen, carbon, air, and water.
These items will feed micro-organisms which will speed up the process and in spring or fall.
You will have organic material that is enough for your garden or farm.
Vermicompost is made with the help of worms and they eat all your food scraps, release castings that are rich in nitrogen.
For this process, you cannot use old worms, however, you will need red wigglers or redworms.
You can purchase them online or at a garden supplier.
Aerobic Composting Systems
The term “Aerobic” pertains to an organism that needs atmospheric oxygen to thrive.
In terms of landscaping and gardening, it helps to make compost, thus, you may often hear the term “aerobic composting”.
If you want aerobic micro-organisms to thrive, you will need a well-designed aerobic compost bin to maintain and promote such an environment.
This is what most of the gardens often strive for, though there are a small number of gardeners that opt for the opposite approach, i.e. Anaerobic composting.
It is important to note that aerobic organisms are an important part or ingredient in compost.
Without them, the material in a compost bin will not “cook” properly.
If you stick your hand into a compost bin, and it is hot, this means that aerobic organisms are present in sufficient in your pile.
That is why part of a good aerobic design is to make a compost bin that “breathes”.
Moreover, the process of aerobic composting entails applying the correct mix of organic material or yard waste and kitchen scraps.
This also includes adding the right amount of water and turning the pile with a pitchfork occasionally.
Thus, with the right combination of the above elements, the aerobic organisms will work for you.
Thus, breaking down the organic materials in the pile.
Anaerobic Composting Systems
On the other hand anaerobic composting pertain to organisms like bacteria, that live in the absence of atmospheric oxygen.
“Anaerobic composting” is a term that gardeners use to refer to the results of the activity of such organisms.
These live in the compost bin and influence the quality of its decomposition.
Moreover, it also refers to the conditions under which the organisms thrive in the bin.
In aerobic compost, you will need to turn the pile frequently to avoid compaction.
This helps to keep the oxygen flowing freely through the pile and to keep out anaerobic organisms.
Your goal here is to get the organic matter in them to heat up.
On the other hand, under anaerobic conditions, your goal is to start the process of fermentation.
Anaerobic composting is less labor-intense as you do not have to turn the pile, however, it produces an offensive smell.
This can often get you into trouble if your garden is in an urban or suburban environment.
In turn, if you properly maintain aerobic compost, they do not stink.
Choosing a Compost Bin
While choosing a compost bin, you need to consider factors like location, capacity, material, price, and purpose.
Most of the compost bins you will get from the stores are made of plastic, metal, or wood and the costs vary.
Moreover, you will have options to either place them outdoors or indoors, thus, there is a compost bin for every type of home and lifestyle.
Countertop processors, enclosed bins, and compost tumblers work well for indoor use, while large tumblers and wooden bins are ideal for outdoor use.
However, you can also place odorless worm composting bins inside or outside your home.
Consider an indoor compost bin for your kitchen countertop if you have limited space.
On the other hand, if you have large gardens, then you can have dual-chamber composting tumblers.
7 Best Compost Bins you can Have
You can have the following compost bins:
Epica Stainless Steel Compost Bin: This one is an affordable indoor option that helps to control orders and can hold about 1 gallon of organic food waste.
Bamboozle Food Compost Bin: This compost bin is made from bamboo fiber and is built to withstand moisture from waste and trips through the dishwasher.
Moreover, it comes with an odor-reducing charcoal fiber that lasts for about 2 months and can easily place it on the kitchen countertop.
FCMP IM4000 Dual Chamber Tumbling Composter: You can use this compost bin for outdoor use.
And has 2 chambers that together hold up to 37 gallons of organic waste for continuous rotation of compost.
Its spinning design makes mixing easy, and you can simply shut and turn it to mix the materials inside.
Algreen Classic Compost Bin: Made with 100% recycled materials, this one has insulation to produce the compost quickly.
Moreover, it has a locking lid to keep the pests out and small slots to create airflow faster material breakdown.
When the compost finishes, you can easily remove it by opening the sliding doors at the bottom.
Exaco Kitchen Compost Pail: Exaco kitchen compost bin can store 2 to 4 gallons under your kitchen sinks and is made of a plastic pail and handle.
If you want to transport full loads of water to compost to our bins, it is easy to transport.
As a bonus, you can mount it on the wall or inside a cabinet.
iTouchless Compost Bin: Small compost bins are a great option if you are a beginner and have limited indoor space.
iTouchless is known for its wide selection of trash cans.
However, it also makes small 1.6-gallon compost bins made from titanium stainless steel with a protective coating.
VivoSun Tumbling Composter: As compared to the tumbling composter, this one is a dual rotating compost bin that offers a little more room with a 43-gallon capacity.
The two-chamber design allows adding waste continuously to one side, while the other chamber creates rich fertilizer.
One of the advantages of using this one is that it is easy to turn, and spin.
If your compost bin is drawing rats, it may be because you are not following the best practices. For instance, if you are living in a suburban area you should not add meat in the kitchen scarps.
A well-designed and well-run compost bin will break down organic matter like fruits and vegetables pretty well, ging rats less opportunity to exploit the pile. Moreover, your pile will be hot in the center ideally between 135to 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure to keep the pile moist as it will help to keep the rat invasions down.