Orchid flower is a beautiful and stunning addition to your decor. Orchid care is not a difficult job at all if you have all the basic knowledge.
Many orchids are easy to grow however, it will take some time for you to learn what they need.
Orchids are not like traditional plants, they are epiphytes which means that you cannot grow them in the dirt.
But rather hang them on the bark of trees, while there are some orchids like lady slippers or slipper orchids that are semi-terrestrial and grow in the loamy soil of the jungle floor or moth orchid.
Often people are confused about Orchid Care. It is not difficult, however, it is just different.
Orchids are popular for being difficult to grow, when in fact, many varieties are excellent houseplants.
With proper care, orchids can grow, bloom and spike flowers for months every year and can live indefinitely.
Moreover, orchids are of excellent value and if you take care of them properly they can even bloom every day of the year.
Orchid grows on trees and is happy living there because of the humid temperature.
Moreover, an orchid living in the forests has thick growing stems.
Good Orchid care requires some basic gardening skills and knowledge about orchids and how they grow.
Let’s dig right into them.
Requirements for Orchid Flower
Care for indoor orchids and their flowers is easy once you learn the proper way to grow them.
You can find these beautiful flowers in a wide range of colors and sizes. Moreover, it depends on the variety you are buying.
They make beautiful and stunning accent plants for every home decor.
They require little care once all of their basic needs are met such as light, temperature, and humidity.
The Main Requirements for Orchid care are:
- You will need to water them once a week. In case, you forget to water them, their roots can rot.
- Position your indoor orchids in a bright windowsill facing window in east or west direction
- Feeding them weekly with organic fertilizer or special fertilizers designed for orchids.
- If it stops blooming, then you can repot them in a fresh orchid mix.
Types Of Orchids
The Orchid family has more than 400 types and over 22,000 species,
Moreover, this number is increasing every year making them the largest and most diverse family of the flowering plant families.
Most of the orchids are tropical plants and live as epiphytes or air plants, hanging on the trees for support. Orchid is happy living in a humid climate.
However, some of them are lithophytes or rock plants that can grow on or among the rocks.
The remaining orchids are terrestrial ones that can grow in loamy detritus of the jungle floor.
Orchid bloom can take place all year round in the natural environment, according to the American Orchid Society.
It is important to note that orchids found in nurseries are often hybrids, thus identifying them can be tricky.
The hybrids have different colors, fragrances, sizes, and ease of care and breed out many of the challenging aspects of pure orchid species.
The potted plant needs special care and instruction to make them bloom all year round.
The common orchids are dancing ladies and pansy orchids with a thick and beautiful flowering stem that can bloom all year round when you take good care of them.
Orchid Growth Environments
The orchids found in the jungle are often seen hanging on the tress. They do not feed on them, however, get a bit of food from the organic matter decaying in the crooks of branches or from the animal droppings.
The environment in the jungle is humid and the orchid roots are adaptable to absorb water from the humid air, thus, the term epiphytes perfectly fit them.
Many orchids have thick stems, Pseudobulbs that allow them to store water and hold the water in case there are dry periods.
Thus understanding the natural environment is crucial to growing and caring for orchids indoors.
Orchid Growing Tips
Most orchids need most and well-draining conditions and there are different types of growing media you can choose from.
They can grow in redwood or fir bark, sphagnum peat moss, rocks, cork, charcoal, sand, potting soil, etc.
Generally, the grade of bark depends on the type of orchid. For example, phalaenopsis orchids can be grown in coarse bark, cattleyas in medium bark, and young orchids are grown in fine bark.
Moreover, they require shallow planting, They prefer bright and indirect sunlight, the temperature can range from cooler to warmer however at night they need 15 degrees or 8 degrees C than a day to bloom sufficiently.
Let’s discuss these conditions as follows:
Best Orchid Mix
The best orchid mix contains a growing medium or potting medium that promotes healthy drainage and good airflow.
It is important to understand the fact that orchids do not grow in the dirt as they will kill their roots and eventually die.
The best media for them is the one that matches the type of the orchid and the conditions in which it is growing.
Often, media are mixed together to bring unique and desirable characteristics to the mix.
The goal is to use an open and airy mix that brings them an appropriate amount of moisture for their needs.
Kind of Fertilizer to Use
Orchids do not require many fertilizers, however, putting organic fertilizers without urea, weekly to bi-weekly while they are new and decreasing the amount to monthly or bi-monthly once they mature is good enough.
When you water your orchids, flush them with water freely.
It is important to note that orchids need oxygen to the roots that they will get from a combination of good open mic and proper watering habits.
You can see more of our 100% organic fertilizers here.
Temperature Requirments for Orchid Care
Orchids do not like wet climates, however, they do very much like humidity.
Often, when you grow them indoors, your gardener would advise you to place them on humidity treats as they allow water to collect in the base while the plant is suspended above it.
You can get pots for your indoor orchids or different trays or anything that allows your orchid to be above a pool of water.
In this way, they will benefit from the evaporation of water, and gathering them close can help raise the humidity among the plants.
More importantly, this is a balancing act that allows the movement of air, as dry air can dry them out.
Moreover, too much moisture or too little air movement can make them suspectable to rot.
Thus, achieving good movement and humidity can help to care for your orchid flower.
Light Requirments for your Orchids
An appropriate amount of light for your orchid flower care depends on the type of orchid.
Even, the ones that say high light require do not need a bright light or the kind of direct sunlight like a tomato does.
This also means that low light does not mean putting them in the middle of your room away from the source of light.
Often observable, inadequate light can hinder its blooming ability. Some orchids especially the ones that like high light levels love being outside in shades.
Moreover, fluorescent bulbs work well with orchids, as do High-Intensity Discharge, HID lights.
As orchids in nature get natural light values, thus making a regular schedule for them can disrupt their natural clock.
Orchids are mostly found in forests thus their roots like to breathe and be free.
However, it is perfectly fine for their roots to grow outside the pot at your home. However, if your home is not humid enough, it will not support their growth.
Thus a pot helps by holding some moisture around the roots.
The secret to growing them is to grow healthy roots.
The root health is the best indicator of the health of your orchid and its flower and therefore, you should be extra careful not to rot or smother the roots.
You can choose clear pots to see when the rots are thriving and when they are not.
You can pot your orchids in the smallest pot that the roots will fit in and stake the plant while it establishes itself.
Moreover, clear pots make it easy to see the roots and also helps to see when they need water.
The potting mix turns dark when wet and gradually lightens as it dries. White plastic pots also allow for some photosynthesis.
Unlike clay, plastic pots are easy to clean, disinfect, and reuse.
Clear plastic pots are a great way to keep an eye on what is happening in the pot without having to disturb the orchid.
Watering your Orchids Flowers
Do not over-water your orchids.
Watering them can be a difficult aspect of orchid care to get right. The appropriate amount of water varies with the type of orchid, the type of mic it is in, and the environment.
It can sometimes be difficult for you to grow them. For growing them you need the right amount of water, not too much and not too little.
This amount, moreover, varies with seasons. They tend to dry out in hot weather than in cold one.
The key is to vary the frequency of watering them, the type of pot, the type of mic, mixing of the pack, and the amount of air circulation.
This takes time and patience, however, pays off with increased health and vigor of the orchid which translates into increased blooms.
One important thing to avoid is to limit the amount of water that an orchid is given during a watering.
Make sure to water them liberally, allowing the water to pour from the bottom and the media is completely saturated.
If you overwater it, your orchid flowers and even the plant can die. Most of them like to get dry almost and then be flooded with water and allow them to dry again.
Indoor Orchid Flower needs an appropriate amount of humidity, about 50 to 70% and you can increase the amount of humidity by placing a water-filled saucer, or tray of pebbles beneath the plants.
Misting them daily or by using a humidifier. Moreover, using a good growing medium, and using organic fertilizer can help them grow, however, it is important to know the right amount of it as they grow and mature.
Additionally, orchid care tips include repotting them every year. If it suddenly stops blooming, then it means that you need to repot your orchid. Also, keeping an eye on the signs of pests or diseases is helpful. And can be easily washed off or treated with insecticidal soap.