How to Grow Cactus Plants?

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Whether you are a veteran or a beginner in taking care of plants, a cactus is an excellent plant to have around the house. Several varieties of Cactus plants, but most of them require very similar plant care. This guide will take care of cacti that love to sit in the Sun while they are kept indoors. 

Here we discuss how you can grow cacti outdoors because that could be the case depending on where you live. Additionally, we will focus on taking care of cacti indoors. Later, we conclude with a few of the essential aspects when taking care of a Cactus.

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It may seem like a lot, but it’s easier than at first glance. Cacti are low-maintenance plants, but there are a few things you have to keep in mind to grow these fantastic plants in or around your house successfully. We’ll start with the essential parts of taking care of a Cactus: watering and sunlight exposure.

Watering Cactus Plants

If one thing is the essential part of taking care of a cactus, it’s watering them. Cacti naturally grow in warm and dry climates with a lot of sun. To successfully grow a Cactus in your house, when you don’t live in a friendly and dry environment, you’ll need to simulate its natural habitat the best you can.

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One way to do this is by ensuring your Cactus or succulent plants does not get watered very often. It thrives when you don’t wet it for weeks at a time. Watering Cactus even fishbone cactus will usually cause the plant to be overwatered, killing it. If your Cactus is in a spot where it doesn’t get any direct sunlight, you might have to water it even less.

Cactus plants store a lot of moisture in their stems and leaves, due to which they can last weeks without water. It will need water more often than in the Winter in the hot summer months, as it’s warmer and moisture evaporates quicker. It’s best to water them only once every two weeks in the summer and once per month in the Winter.

If you have a Cactus that grows in a shaded place that doesn’t get any direct sunlight, you should water it less. The soil moisture does not evaporate as quickly when the Sun doesn’t warm up the ground and the plant as much. If you keep your Cactus in such a place, it’s best to only water it once a month. If all these tips are followed, then the chances are that you’ll be less likely to overwater your Cactus.

Learn more about Dragon Fruit Cactus here.

Overwatering of Cactus

Another part of ensuring you don’t overwater your Cactus is keeping your plant in a pot with a drainage hole. However, if you don’t have such pots, ensure that your water is just enough that the soil can absorb the moisture, and water does not collect at the bottom of the pot. This will require some trial and error.

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Drainage holes are ideal in such a situation, so if you have a pot with one lying around, be sure to use that. When you water your Cactus planted in a pot with a drainage hole, you should water it until it starts to drip out of the bottom of the pot. Now you should let your pot drip for about 5 minutes to ensure that any excess water has been drained from the pot.

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Wrinkles in a Cactus Plants

It can happen that your Cactus will get wrinkles in its leaves. When you see wrinkles in your Cactus’s leaves, your plant is either thirsty or has had too much water. To determine which one it is, remember when you watered it was the last time you watered it. If it was within the past two weeks, your plant is overwatered. If this was longer than that, your Cactus is probably thirsty, and you should water it soon.

Sunlight Exposure for Cactus Plants

Most Cactus grow in warm regions with direct sunlight exposure. A few Cactus require less sunlight, but most of the Cactus requires all the sunlight you can give them. Make sure to check if your specific Cactus needs a lot of light and if so, put it on a windowsill with total sun exposure. With the varying levels of sunlight exposure come different levels of temperatures.

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These temperatures are essential to keep track. If your Cactus is in a warm and sunny spot all the time, it will require water more often than when it doesn’t get as much sunlight and the temperature that comes with it.

So most Cactus love sunlight, but what happens if we don’t give the Cactus the sunlight exposure it wants? Your Cactus will start to get taller and grow to one side. This behaviour seems strange because most Cactus is pretty flat and white plants. It is growing taller and leaning toward one side because it’s looking for the sunlight it wants.

When you see your Cactus grow taller, it’s time to move it to a lighter spot. After you’ve moved it to a softer area, you should notice that your Cactus isn’t growing any taller anymore. However, it’s also not shrinking anymore. Once your Cactus has become leggy and stretched out, it won’t return to its original size. One of the things that you can do is to propagate your Cactus. It’s essential to know that you’re not doing anything wrong when your Cactus doesn’t return to its old size; this is just what Cactus do.

Learn more about Growing Bell Peppers here.

The Ideal Soil for Cactus Plants

We have discovered that Cactus love the dry environment. The easiest way to achieve this dry environment is by watering your Cactus very little. However, the most effective way is to use a well-draining soil mix. The ideal soil for you Cactus drains water quickly, so your Cactus is not sitting in water for too long.

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The best pre-packaged soil mix is a Cactus or cactus soil mix. You can also make this yourself by adding large grains of sand, not fine sand, or perlite to your soil. This ensures that the water gets drained quickly and there are not too many sticks around in the ground. Your Cactus thrives in a dry environment, and soil plays a vital role.

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Growing Cactus Outside

Whether or not you can grow your Cactus outdoors depends on where you live. If you live in a warm climate with a lot of sunlight and no frost in the Winter, you can most likely grow Cactus outside. If you live in a colder climate, you can only develop a few “cold weather” Cactus.

Winter hardy Cactus Plants

These cold-weather Cactus are a different kind of Cactus, and they don’t look a lot like the Cactus you generally keep in indoor gardens. They are adamant Cactus that do not have the fleshy leaves you expect Cactus to have. These winter-hardy Cactus can survive even in freezing temperatures. If you try to grow non-winter-hardy Cactus outdoors in a colder climate, they will freeze during the Winter, killing them.

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Cactus Plants Care in the Winter

Taking care of a Cactus in the Winter is similar to caring for it in the summer. You still have to ensure they get enough sunlight and don’t get too much water. The only difference is that you’ll need to hold off on the number of times you water your Cactus. The moisture does not evaporate as quickly as in the summer in the winter. So it would help if you wet it once per month instead of once per two weeks. Having excellent drainage is now even more critical than in the summer since your plant will absorb less moisture, and it won’t be evaporated as quickly.

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The lack of sunlight in the winter could mean that you have to move your Cactus to a windowsill for them to get enough sunlight still. If your Cactus is already on a windowsill, you don’t have to move them, as they get the maximum light possible. 

Learn more about Coffee Plant and hard to kill plants here.

Fertilizing Cactus Plants

When you want to help your plants grow a little more quickly, you can use fertilizer for this. Does this also work for Cactus? In a way: you could fertilize a Cactus once per month, but this is not needed. You can fertilize it once per year, at the beginning of the growing season (spring). This way, it can use the nutrients to grow right away. Cactus are very slow-growing plants, so adding fertilizer can help a little, but it would not make your plant multiply compared to other houseplants.

Learn more about Pitcher Plants and snake plant here.

Conclusion

Cactus are unique plants for both beginners and veterans. They are low-maintenance plants that can thrive when you forget about them for weeks at a time. There are a few things to keep in mind when taking care of a Cactus. One of the most important things to remember is that Cactus is very sensitive to overwatering and cold temperatures.

To keep the Cactus happy, you should water it very little and give it all the sunlight you can give it. You can grow some Cactus outdoors, depending on your surroundings. If you live in a warm place with no winter frost, where it does not rain too much, you can grow your Cactus outdoors.

Cactuses are a great addition to any plant collection, no matter how extensive your group is at this moment. Cactus will grow slowly and steadily for many years and will be consistently beautiful plants for years when you keep them happy.

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