Indoor Garden: How To Set Up Yours

Al Ardh Alkhadra > Blog > Gardening > Indoor Garden: How To Set Up Yours

indoor garden

Have you ever dreamt of having a garden but never had enough outdoor space to make one? Well, making an indoor garden isn’t hard either.

You can cultivate your fruits, vegetables and herbs in a small space inside your home.

All you need to do is provide some basic light, water, and soil for their growth.

They will grow in your indoor space and bring a pop of color and nature to your room.

Are you willing to start your indoor garden?

This article discusses how you can make one and what you will require so that you can grow your own food inside your home.

indoor garden space on windowsill

 

Space for Indoor Garden

Space is less of a concern for an indoor gardening beginner.

However, it is still better to choose a location that receives sunlight, otherwise, you will have to use a LED grow light for each plant.

Place it right on the top of the plants so that they get adequate light for growth.

You can grow them on a windowsill or even a table and shelf.

However, keep a tarp under the table or place the plant over a tile floor to catch the water drops that fall.

Shelves also help to grow plants utilizing less space.

If you choose to place them on a windowsill then go for the north-facing windows.

The light coming from the north isn’t as intense to harm the plants but is enough.

Though beware of placing them in the West-facing windows, they will have the most heat and possibly damage your plants.

So, if your windows face west, remember to at least place them a few feet away and not directly near the windows.

Other things to consider besides the light and heat are the winds and climate.

In winters, you will have to keep your plants away from the windows to protect them from cold air.

Similarly, they should also not get cold air from the air conditioner or extremely hot air from outside.

Hence, decide a suitable location where you can move the plant in winters that receive sunlight but not cold air.

Once, you have the perfect location you can think about what you want to grow here.

different types of indoor garden plants

 

Types of Indoor Garden Plants

The indoor plants in Dubai are usually for growing eatables like vegetables and growing herbs.

However, some indoor plants can be for air purifying and house plants can add to the aesthetics of your space.

When growing plants, choose those that have similar light, water and humidity needs.

It would be easier to grow them together in a limited space, though you can essentially grow anything indoors as long as it doesn’t grow too big.

Examine your space and ask yourself if you can grow plants that require lots of sunlight.

Moreover, is there enough space in your room and time on your plate to maintain the plants?

It is also important to think about what you eat as it should be beneficial to you.

Safer options of vegetables are lettuce, carrot, spinach, beets, kale and radish.

They require less sunlight and can take up to 45 days to grow completely.

Though, you can also plant microgreens that can grow in just 10 days.

When it comes to herbs, the best ones for indoor spaces are basil, parsley, mint, oregano and thyme.

Chives and sage are also good options.

While rosemary, cilantro and bay leaves are not that easy to grow.

Cilantro will need planting several times to harvest enough quantity whereas rosemary is hard to maintain.

Similarly, peppers, cherry tomatoes and eggplants are difficult to grow inside the rooms.

They not only require more sunlight but also grow the fruit from a pollinated flower.

Outdoors bees and winds facilitate pollination, however, indoors in your kitchen garden you will have to do it yourself.

Transfer the pollen grains between flowers using a small paintbrush.

This isn’t that easy for beginners however, once you get a hang of it, you can get these edibles in 65 to 110 days.

Though, you can still grow many plant varieties in containers.

But first, you will have to set a medium, either soil or hydroponic gardening.

hydroponics

 

Selecting A Growing Medium

Potting soil (placing soil in pots) helps to keep the plant in place, provides water and nutrients to the plant and air space so that the plant roots get oxygen.

However, remember to choose a good growing medium.

Soil from outdoors is not ideal as it can contain pests and weed seeds.

Therefore, your soil should drain well, contain organic matter to hold soil and nutrients plus moisture.

Though you have another option completely void of soil, hydroponic gardening.

The soil in a pot or container helps to hold the roots of the plant and provide it with nutrients.

However, the hydroponic system is a smart garden that directly provides the plants’ nutrients by growing in a water tank.

The freshwater supplies the plant with oxygen and the fertilizer helps to provide it with nutrients.

It is more complicated to grow plants in hydroponics than in soil, that is why there are hydroponic indoor garden kits with light that facilitate the process.

The growth of plants is much faster, up to 50 percent more due to easy access to water and nutrients.

The medium has no soil, hence there are no pests and fewer diseases.

However, even if they become sick or get a disease then that only affects a single plant.

The seeds start to grow into plants from the seed pods.

The plant pods flourish in this growing system and you do not have to add water continuously.

Hence, you will require less maintenance and will get a steady yield of plant food.

The roots are not root-bound and can grow in the entire medium.

Furthermore, when you need to water the plants, they indicate it by drooping before wilting.

Therefore, maintaining them is much easier in comparison.

However, if you still prefer soil then the next important thing is to choose the right container.

Give each large vegetable plant a separate container to allow for better root growth.

Tomatoes and peppers can be grown in up to two to five-gallon containers.

The greens can grow in small containers too.

Moreover, you can grow greens and root crops within the same container as long as it allows for the full growth of their roots.

You can accommodate less than 12 plants in a container for growing fresh produce.

Furthermore, choose lightweight plastic containers with drainage holes that also hold moisture well.

Placing a tray under your plants with pebbles to absorb extra water.

This prevents overwatering and the roots from being destroyed.

If you doubt you will not be able to maintain drainage then buy a self-watering container.

It controls dehydration and over-watering as there is a water storage tank beneath the plant.

Hence, it takes in water whenever it needs it.

You only need to be alert when the reservoir runs out of water and needs refilling.

This brings us to…

watering plants

 

Watering and Humidifying Plants

The plants need water to grow and they can frequently dry out in containers than outdoors in soil.

Hence, you regularly need to water them but beware of over-watering and water collecting in trays under the plant.

One way to check how much water your plant needs is using a moisture meter or digging a finger deep inside the soil.

The type of your plant and the growth conditions usually determine the amount of water your plant requires.

If its location is warm with less humidity and more sunlight then it will naturally require more water.

As soon as you see the seedling sprouting, reduce the amount of water gradually.

The top of the soil should be moist when watering the seeds in the initial week.

As usual, beware of overwatering by looking for signs like change in color, wilting, leaves dropping and if the plant stops growing.

The best temperature for growing plants inside is between 65 degrees Fahrenheit to 75 degrees Fahrenheit

Plants require humidity and growing them inside especially in dry winters is challenging.

If your plant leaves start falling, the leaf’s tips become brown and they look withered then it is a sign the plant needs more humidity.

You can use a humidifier to increase the humidity inside the room.

You may also want to place a water tray near your plants and put the plants in close proximity.

This creates a humid atmosphere around all the plants.

Also, remember to regularly mist the plants for humidification.

using fertilizer on plants

 

Fertilizer Use

Use slow-release fertilizers or liquid fertilizers in hydroponics to provide nutrients to plants.

They require an extra dose of nutrients because those in the soil are quickly taken up by the plant.

Therefore regular use of fertilizers is essential for indoor plants.

You can apply organic fertilizers like those by Al Ard Alkhadra and apply them every 2 weeks or months after assessing how much your plants require them.

Beware of over-fertilizing as that can give your plants a growth spurt but devoid them of a healthy root system to absorb water and nutrients.

Therefore, you will not get enough vegetables, herbs and other produce.

Fertilizers are mandatory for your plants inside your rooms as they can encourage the growth of healthy vegetables and herbs that become your food.

As you take care of all of these essentials, you will have good enough edibles by the next season.

Conclusion

An indoor garden does not only look beautiful but also produces edible vegetables, fruits and herbs for you to consume.

Plus, the best part is that you can still have your garden if you do not have enough space or a backyard.

So, do not worry about space, light or water and get a small indoor gardening kit to begin producing your own food.

Also, you do not need to have a green thumb to be a good gardener.

 

 

 

 

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