Balcony Garden: Create a perfect Garden for Small Spaces

Al Ardh Alkhadra > Blog > Gardening > Balcony Garden: Create a perfect Garden for Small Spaces

balcony garden 1

If you live in an apartment or a small home, then you can create a balcony garden.

Growing plants in a limited space like a balcony or terrace can be challenging, even for experienced gardeners.

However, it is also a great opportunity to be creative and have fun.

From deciding what to grow, either an urban vegetable garden or a tropical paradise, to choosing imaginative containers, the entire process can be fun and adventurous.

Yet, you still must adhere to the strict confines of the space available.

But there are a number of tricks for making every square inch count.

Here are some of the tips you can use today to get you started on your Balcony Garden.

Maximize your Space for Balcony Garden

Answer the questions below to maximize the space for your balcony garden:

How much space will you need for your Balcony Garden? Well surprisingly, you will not need much at all if you take advantage of walls, railings, and overhead structures.

Turn your Balcony into a Vertical Garden. You can attach pots or trellises to the walls.

Moreover, if your balcony has a ceiling, you can add a few hooks for hanging plants.

balcony garden

Cover the railings of the balcony with chicken wire to support climbing plants or you can purchase plant hangers.

Then attach them to the top of the railing.

Think of your balcony Garden as an Extension of your Indoor Living Space. If you choose plant colors and textures that go with your interior design, even the smallest balcony will look more expansive and welcoming.

Know your Restrictions for Balcony Garden

In addition to the square footage of your balcony, there can be other restrictions that will limit what you can plant and where.

In case you like in an apartment building or a condo, then make sure to check what is permissible by the owner of your building before you begin.


There may be weight restrictions and rules with respect to what you can hang from the balcony railing and wall.

However, if the balcony is attached to your home, you will need to know how much weight it can safely support.

The weight of large ceramic containers and wet soil can add up quickly.


The amount of sunlight the space receivers is the most crucial factor to consider.

However, wind exposure and temperature are also important.

Let’s discuss them as follows:

Wind: Strong winds that are common on balcony and rooftop gardens high above the ground can quickly dry out the soil.

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Moreover, they can rip the petals off flowers, and knock over the tall potted plants.

Heat: Sun reflecting from the windows can intensify the heat of the balcony garden ad even burn the delicate foliage.

Even the basic construction of your balcony like concrete vs. wood will affect how much heat it can retain.

Shade: In most urban balconies, they receive quite a bit of shade if there are a number of tall buildings or there are overhangs that cover them.

Moreover, you can also work around this problem by putting sun-loving plants near the perimeter of the balcony, where the sun tends to be prevalent.


In case the wind is the problem on your balcony, you can consider using balcony privacy screens as windbreaks.

These will help to protect more fragile plants.

You can also put plants that do not like the wind in low pots near the wall to give them more protection.

Watering Plants in a Balcony Garden

For balcony or rooftop gardens, you will have access to an outside water source.

This means you will have to rely on a water sink or bathtub to keep your plants well-hydrated.

In order to maximize your trips back and forth, lugging heavy jugs of water, you can try some of the following strategies for watering your plants:

In case you have lots of plants to waste, consider investing in a large, lightweight watering can that you can fill in the bathtub.

Collapsible watering can is a great option for a balcony garden as they flatten when not in use.

growing conditions

Moreover, you can put saucers or trays under your plants to collect any water overflow so that you do not waste a drop.

Self-watering pots can also help to conserve water and significantly decreases watering frequency.

Eliminate watering can altogether by purchasing a lightweight, expandable garden hose that you can attach to a kitchen sink using an adapter.

Furthermore, they come in lengths as long as 100 feet and retract when not in use for easy storage.

Make sure to keep in mind that the hotter and windier the conditions are on your balcony, the more frequently you will need to water your plants.

In some cases, even as often as twice a day.

If the convenient, the water source is far from reach, make life easier by growing plants with low water requirements like cacti and succulents.

What Plants you can Grow?

Just about any plant that can grow in a container is fair game for a balcony, for as long as you have space for it.

Moreover, a space that can give plants an appropriate amount of sun or shade can grow well.

If you are living in a climate with cold weather, consider growing some plants that are hardy enough to leave outdoors year-round.

Or the ones you can overwinter indoors so you do not have to start them from scratch again each spring.

Therefore, you can grow herbs, vegetables, small trees like dwarf citrus trees or olive trees, small shrubs, container-friendly annuals and perennials for shade or sun, succulents, tropical houseplants, and flowering vines are great options.


Furthermore, examples of plants you can have:

  • Herbs: Basil, sage, thyme, oregano, and so on
  • Leafy greens: Loose leaf lettuce, spinach, kale, and so on
  • Garlic: ‘Artichoke’, ‘Silverskin’
  • Tomato: ‘Patio Princess’, ’Balcony’
  • Lettuce: ‘Green Oak Leaf’, ‘Black Seeded Simpson’
  • Peppers: ‘Camelot’
  • Eggplant: ‘Fairy Tale’, ‘Bambino’
  • Swiss chard: ‘Rhubard’, ‘Rainbow’
  • Beans: ‘Blue Lake’ (pole), ‘Purple Queen’ (bush)
  • Cucumber: ‘Spacemaster 80’
  • Strawberry: ‘Ozark Beauty’, ‘Seascape’

What you can do for the Floor?

If you are willing to sacrifice some foot room, the floor of your balcony is a great spot for a large container full of plants that need a bit of space to grow.

Plants like tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and beans are all great options to grow in containers on your balcony floor.

Over time, they will also fill out the space.

Moreover, you can add artificial grass to the floor of your balcony garden.

In case you have a roofed balcony, you can add a wooden dest as it gives a natural and classic look to your balcony.

factors to consider

You can also add plants over a fabric rug to save the wooden deck from dirt and excess water.

Another great option is a black and white floor cloth on the floor over a synthetic grass turf and grey pebbles near the railing.

Compact wood deck tiles and wooden bench also compliment each other.

Additionally, large white pebbles around your plants and under the bench will give a Japanese garden-like look.

Choosing Containers for a Balcony Garden

Anything that can hold soil and has good drainage has the potential for a balcony container garden.

The style can range from fancy to frivolous, depending on your taste, however, make sure that the container should be practical and suit the purpose.

Some of the factors include:

  • weight
  • durability
  • weather resistance
  •  ease of watering
  • cost

Plastic and fiberglass plant containers are an ideal option for balcony gardens as they are lighter in weight than terracotta or ceramic pots.

And they also come in a vast array of styles and sizes.

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However, on windy balconies, they blow away easily unless you secure them in a place.

Moreover, fabric grows bags are another lightweight container option.

It comes with the added advantage of being easy to store after the growing season is over.

They also have handles for more convenient portability.

Hanging baskets and outdoor railing baskets are great space savers and you can use them to grow everything from herbs to houseplants to trailing vegetables.

Tiered plants are another space-saving solution. These allow you to use vertical space for your garden rather than taking up precious space on your balcony floor.

Plant Seedlings, not Seeds

One of the important things to note is that it is easy to get your garden off to a good start if you buy seedlings from a local nursery.

And simply transplant them into your balcony garden.

You can also start the seeds in a fun way to try if you want to flex your gardening muscles.

However, if you are a first-time gardener, then make sure to look to get growing fast, and buy seedlings from a local nursery.

Final Thoughts

A balcony garden is one of the great ways to make turn a balcony into a relaxing space. However, be careful to avoid going overboard.

Try finding pots at yard sales, balcony-friendly plants that can easily survive on your balcony. You can visit a local nursery nearby to buy plants that can survive the temperatures in your region.

Do you know what butterfly gardening is?

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